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PŁOCK

Period of revitalisation activities

First revitalisation activities in Płock focused on the Old Market Square. The legal basis for these activities was the Płock Old Town Revitalisation Strategy, which was adopted by the Płock City Council in 1997. One of its effects was the establishment of the Old Town Revitalisation Agency ARS Sp. z o.o. in 1998. Since 2005, the directions of urban regeneration activities were determined by the Local Revitalisation Programme, the aim of which was to restore degraded and marginalised areas of the city, including mainly historic tenement houses. This document was monitored and updated. Its positive effects are noticed both by users of the revitalised areas and by outsiders. Despite the actions taken over the past years, the planned results have not been fully achieved. The diagnosis of the current situation in the city showed that the urban regeneration process should be continued, while taking into account current development conditions of the city and new legal regulations introduced by the Act of October 9, 2015, on revitalisation. As a consequence, the Płock Revitalisation Programme was developed.

Characteristics of the revitalisation area problems

According to the Resolution No. 277/XV/2016, the revitalisation area in Plock has been divided into 4 sub-areas:

1. Old Town, Kolegialna;

2. Dobrzyńska, Skarpa;

3. Radziwie;

4. Area of the former Borowiczki Sugar Factory.

(RESOLUTION NO. 188/XI/2019 OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF PLOCK of 29 August 2019 on amending Resolution No. 442/XXV/2016 of the City Council Plock of 29 November 2016 on the municipal revitalisation programme adoption called the Plock Revitalisation Programme.

Old Town, Kolegialna (1st revitalisation sub-area, called POR) Social sphere

It is a  difficult area to live – that’s why it declines in its population (in 2005-2013, the number of residents decreased by more than 16%). The suburbanisation process caused by the availability of land for housing located outside the city center and the concentration of investment activities in areas annexed to the city in 1997 also contributed to this situation.

Data from the Municipal Social Assistance Centre in Płock shows that in 2015, 1,829 people benefited from social assistance, which is 13.9% of the POR residents. These were mainly residents of buildings located in Sienkiewicza Street (398 people), Kwiatka Street (182), Kolegialna Street (171), Kazimierza Wielkiego Street (111), and Tumska Street (101). Unemployment remains the main reason for social assistance. At the end of 2015, 1,012 residents of POR were registered in the Municipal Labour Office in Płock, usually residents in buildings located in Sienkiewicza Street (15.1% of the total unemployed from POR) and Kolegialna Street (10.7%). In the POR subarea, over 66.4% of the unemployed were unemployed for more than one year. Hooliganism, vandalism, aggressive behaviour of teenagers, the threat of crime are quite a significant social problems (in the opinion of residents).

Spatial and functional sphere

Neglected backyards. Large diversity of ownership structure, which may cause difficulties in the implementation of revitalisation projects. A lot of vacant buildings or no buildings in compact build-up areas. Lack of places to spend free time, conducive to residents integration. Poor condition of public spaces, including roads and pedestrian paths. Unofficial parking spaces hindering pedestrian movement. Lack of playgrounds, places for rest and recreation. Disorderly green areas.

Technical sphere

Technical degradation of historic buildings. Lack of comprehensive approach to the renovation of historical buildings, including  thermal efficiency improvement (thermomodernisation) due to limited financial resources. Not all buildings are equipped with technical infrastructure like central heating, gas. Local heating boilers and old stoves cause air pollution and take a place reducing its quality.

Economic sphere

High turnover of service businesses and a partial withdrawal of traditional retail and services from the centre. This is due in part to the shopping malls and larger discount stores.

Dobrzyńska, Skarpa (2nd revitalisation sub-area, called DOR)

Social sphere

Residents of DOR face many problems mainly of social and technical nature. Among the social problems, the lack of work remains particularly significant. At the end of 2015, 1,357 residents of DOR were registered with the Municipal Labour Office, the largest quantity of which were residents of the blocks of flats located in Słowackiego Street (10.2% of the total DOR unemployed), Pszczela Street (9.9%) and Jasminowa Street (9.4%). More than 60% of the unemployed remained unemployed for more than one year. This is a very unfavourable phenomenon. The prolonged period of unemployment causes a feeling of social uselessness, and also reflects on the material situation of families. Data from the Municipal Social Assistance Centre show that, in 2015, 1,938 people benefited from social assistance. These were mainly residents of the blocks of flats located in Słowackiego, Miodowa, Bartnicza and Jaśminowa Streets. Other serious social problems include (in the opinion of residents): hooliganism, vandalism, crime, social pathologies and poor integration of the local community.

Spatial and functional sphere

The DOR sub-area is well connected with other parts of the city. However, it is arranged in a chaotic and incoherent way. There is a shortage of attractive public areas, including places for recreation and leisure, poor roads and sidewalks, and insufficient number of parking spaces, which impact on the residents’ quality of life. Large diversity of ownership structure and unfavourable property divisions, which may cause difficulties in implementing revitalisation projects.

Technical sphere

More than 77.9% of the residential buildings were built before 1989. In recent years, in order to improve their energy efficiency and reduce operating costs, housing communities have carried out thermal modernisation works. These works have had a positive impact on the aesthetics of the space. However, it still remains at a low level. Advertising chaos, low quality of street furniture, dirty squares, streets, lawns, lack of garbage cans and decapitated garage complexes have a negative impact on the quality of space and its visual perception.

Economic sphere

In the area of the DOR in 2015, 1,143 entities were registered in the REGON register. The largest amount of the entities had their offices in Dobrzynska (141) and Polna Streets (139). In 2015, 99 new entities were created. The predominance of companies run by individual persons (72.8% of the total number of entities registered in the DOR), related to retail and wholesale trade, as well as construction and real estate services.

Radziwie (3rd revitalisation sub-area –  Radziwie)

Social sphere

Data from the Municipal Social Assistance Centr show that in 2015, 247 TOR residents benefited from social assistance. These were mainly people living in Popłacińska Street (27.1% of the TOR residents with social assistance) and Zielona Street (19.8%). Unemployment remains one of the main reasons for social assistance. At the end of 2015, 186 residents of TOR were registered in the Municipal Labour Office, of which more than 62.9% of the unemployed had been unemployed for more than 1 year.

Technical sphere

According to the inventory, in 10 on 10, i.e. all public analysed buildings no thermal modernisation actions were carried out.

Spatial and functional sphere

According to the Płock residents the Radziwie disctrict is one of the least attractive neighbourhoods. Nearly 12% of the Radziwie residents are not satisfied with their place of living. They are bothered by the bad condition of roads and sidewalks, lack of bicycle paths as well as cultural institutions, bars and restaurants, but also advertising chaos, lack of gas infrastructure and storm water drainage. There are no attractive public areas, including places for recreation and sports. The Mościcki Park and “Stoczniowiec” stadium require further transformation in order to restore their full utility. Characteristic buildings located in the sub-area, including a motor-electric mill with the preserved original technological line and municipal power building plant should also be restored. Complicated land division structure and its unregulated legal status may cause difficulties in implementation of revitalisation projects.

Economic sphere

In the TOR area, 271 entities were registered in the REGON register in 2015. Most entities were located in Kolejowa (62), Popłacińska (54), Zielona (41) and Portowa Streets (21). In 2015, 23 new entities were established. There is a predominance of companies run by individuals (72.3% of the total number of entities registered in TOR), related to retail and wholesale trade, and provision of construction services. The largest employer (employing more than 50 people) is “Centromost – River Shipyard in Plock” Sp. z o.o. The company was established on the basis of a shipyard bankrupted in 1996. Płock River Shipyard, for many years, was one of the most resilient plants in the city of Płock. The rest of the area of the former shipyard is currently used as production, warehouse and service facilities.

Environmental sphere

Activities carried out at the former river shipyard may have had a significant impact on the environment and have caused contamination of the ground surface. Therefore, if contaminated areas are identified and substances causing risk determined, they must always be reported to the regional director of environmental protection, who can impose an obligation on the landowner to remediate the environment.

Borowiczki Sugar Factory area (4th revitalisation sub-area)

The area is currently characterised by a low level of entrepreneurship. Bad technical condition of the buildings and infrastructure and the fact that the area has been used for activities that may have a significant impact on the environment and cause historical contamination of the land surface. In view of the above, if contaminated areas are identified and substances causing risk determined, they must always be reported to the regional director for environmental protection, who can impose an obligation of environmental remediation on the landowner.

The revitalisation of the former sugar factory area will be implemented based on the local spatial development plan. The sub-area requires transformation and re-development while retaining its historical buildings. The revitalisation of the sub-area should lead to the creation of new jobs. New enterprises will be located in the post-industrial area, where residents of the revitalisation area will find employment. Additionally, important elements of material heritage will be preserved, creating a new functional space. Thus, the activities planned for implementation will contribute to reduce negative social phenomena referred to in Art. 9 Par. 1 of the Act on revitalisation. In particular they will serve to reduce unemployment  among the residents. The revitalisation processes may reduce poverty, as well as increase the level of education through the organisation of professional apprenticeships, educational classes for children and youth. There are also plans to carry out actions which will contribute to the increase of public and cultural life level among the inhabitants.

Description of the revitalisation area development character

Old Town, Kolegialna (1st revitalisation sub-area, called POR)

The first revitalisation sub-area, called POR, includes the city historic centre, the Vistula escarpment and the waterfront as an integral part of the sub-area. Administratively, it consists of two subsidiary units of the city – Old Town and Kolegialna housing estate. The northern boundary of the sub-area is marked by Jachowicza and Kobylińskiego Aves which are the main transport and transit axes of the city.

The oldest and the most representative part of the sub-area, the Old Town, Bielskie Przedmieście and the Classic Town are protected in the register of monuments as an urban and architectural complex and cultural part of the City of Płock (register no. 51/182/59 W, entry date: November 16, 1959).

Dobrzyńska, Skarpa (2nd revitalisation sub-area, called DOR)

The second revitalisation sub-area, further called DOR, includes two subsidiary units of the city – Dobrzyńska and Skarpa housing estates. They were built in 1960s and together with the construction of a refinery and petrochemical complex. The DOR sub-area is dominated by a residential function. The first buildings were constructed in a large-block technology, based on an innovative urban concept prepared by architects Tadeusz Kobylanski and Jadwiga Grebecka. Difficulties related to the implementation of the experimental project, resulted in omission of many elements of interior design. The need to maintain a high pace of construction and the lack of experience made the results were not fully achieved. In the other part of the sub-area, apart from multi-family buildings, there are single-family housing estates (Skarpa A and Skarpa B), as well as service and commercial facilities.

The northern and western borders of the DOR sub-area are marked by the Brzeźnica River Valley. It is a wild area, difficult to access due to steep slopes and dense vegetation. In 19th and until the middle of the 20th century the area was used for economic purposes. There was a mill, a brewery turned into a food cooperative. Until the 1980s the area was inhabited and used for agriculture.

Radziwie (3rd revitalisation sub-area – Radziwie)

The third revitalisation sub-area, called TOR, includes a part of Radziwie district – one of the left-border settlements of the city, incorporated to Płock in 1923. The TOR area is dominated by single-family housing. Most of the residential buildings were built before 1989. They are heated by traditional heating sources, which are inefficient and cause environmental pollution.

The TOR sub-area is located by the Vistula River. This location, on the one hand, determines the potential of the sub-area (landscape values, shipbuilding industry) and, on the other hand, makes TOR a high-risk area for floods.

The sub-area is connected with the right side of the city by a road-railway bridge built in 1938. The road no. 62 and railroad line no. 33 from Kutno to Plock to Sierpc to Brodnica run through the TOR area.

Borowiczki Sugar Factory area (4th revitalisation sub-area)

The area of the Borowiczki Sugar Factory is located at Wincenty Witos Square, covering 26.02 hectares. It is located on the Słupianka River, which flows into the Vistula a few hundred metres further. Access to the entire property is possible from Słupno by a municipal road through Liszyno, from Płock by Harcerska Street. The land degradation results from past activities and a previous user. The sugar factory operated from the beginning of 20th century until 2003 when a decision was made to liquidate it. The turn of 2003/2004 was the last production season.

The buildings of the sugar factory, located on Wincenty Witos Square in Borowiczki, date back to the beginning of the 20th century. The sugar factory was designed by engineer Ludwik Rossman. Most of the buildings were not been thoroughly modernised, requiring an urgent action to preserve their architectural values and stopping their further degradation.

The spatial arrangement of the development provides semi-open and open interiors. The spatial dominant are: main production building, boiler house building with a chimney. On the diagonal there is another dominant, i.e. the limestone stove, typical for sugar factories, reflecting the industrial, unique character of the facility.

There are no legal forms of nature protection, but it the area belongs to the Vistula River Valley, which has natural and landscape values. It serves as a corridor for the city ventilation and is an ecological corridor of a national importance. The main building is protected as a monument.

Establishment & tools for Special Revitalisation Zone (SSR)

  • Date of establishment : 2017
  • SSR area: 4 sub-areas designated on the basis of Resolution No. 277/XV/2016 of the City Płock Council dated 26 January 2016: Old Town, Kolegialna – 1st revitalisation sub-area; Dobrzyńska, Skarpa – 2nd revitalisation sub-area; Radziwie – 3rd revitalisation sub-area; the Borowiczki Sugar Factory area – 4th revitalisation sub-area.
  • The SRZ area include only the first sub-area. (Old Town, Kolegialna – 1st revitalisation sub-area)
    http://edziennik.mazowieckie.pl/WDU_W/2016/1741/akt.pdf
  • Tools indicated in the SSR: 1) subsidies for construction works consisting in renovation or reconstruction, as well as for conservation and restoration works in buildings not entered in the register of historic monuments; 2) pre-emption right.
  • Level of co-financing in the SSR: 50% – works foreseen in the Act without specification
  • Funding of necessary investments: works foreseen in the Act without specification
  • Procedure for grant applications in SSR: no call is expected to be announced, fixed schedule for submission of applications
  • Deadline for submitting SSR grant applications: from December 1 to December 31 of the year preceding the works
  • Grant committee: The committee verifying submitted applications is appointed by Ordinance; Composed of: Town Hall employees.
  • Subsidies rules in SSR areas: After formal verification, the committee prepares opinions and presents them to the President, who, on this basis, applies to the City Council for granting subsidy. Applicants are informed in writing. There is no possibility of an additional call for proposals in case of the grant unused.
  • Number of calls announced: 4
    source: http://rozwojmiasta.plock.eu/?page_id=6561)
  • Number of subsidies: 2018 – 6, 2019 – 13, 2020 – 14, 2021 – pending
    (source: http://rozwojmiasta.plock.eu/?page_id=6561)
  • Link to the SSR regulation: http://dane.plock.eu/bip/dane/uchwaly/xxxv/612.pdf
    Changed by Resolution No. 753/XLIII/2018 (http://edziennik.mazowieckie.pl/legalact/2018/3523/) and Resolution No. 390/XXII/2020)(http://edziennik.mazowieckie.pl/legalact/2020/9298/)
  • Link to the SSR promoting by the city: http://rozwojmiasta.plock.eu/?page_id=6555

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